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Paul Apps


Chartered Engineer with over 35 years’ experience in the energy industry including 12 years as a director and responsible person for development operation and maintenance of three biomass waste to energy power plants.  His core knowledge is in defining practical, operable and maintainable equipment solutions, justifying them to owners and investors and executing them through specification and funding into operation.

Since founding futurbio in 2003 he has advised projects in development, operating businesses, and government departments. This has included due diligence and expert witness services as well as economic assessments, conceptual design, equipment solutions, organisation development and preparation of quality management systems,

From 1988 – 2003,  as co-founder and engineering director of Fibrowatt Ltd he held responsibility for the development and construction of the Fibropower, the UK’s first large scale biomass waste combustion plant on a project financed own–operate basis. Subsequently as operations director he was responsible as owner for commissioning and operation of the Fibropwer, Fibrogen and Fibrothetford plants 65MWe in total.  During that period he also set up and managed a project for the UK government to incinerate of 85kt of animal waste arising from the BSE crisis including project development and conversion of the operational Fibrogen power plant for incineration duty.

An early career in the Royal Navy, starting as an electrical artificer apprentice and latterly as a seagoing engineer officer provided solid experience in mechanical and electrical plant operations resulting in a practical approach to engineering solutions and a keen interest in maintenance management for reliability.  This was followed in 1980 by five years with a  major UK engineering consultancy working on desalination and gas turbine power projects, then five years with an international process engineering contractor developing CHP projects in the UK and authoring utilities management procedures for a refinery project in Saudi Arabia.


Peter Jackson


Chartered Engineer with over fourty years’ experience in the power and process industry.  His core specialist knowledge includes design of thermal power plant covering fuels, phases and control of combustion, flue gas chemistry, heat transfer, steam and water loop, generating systems and abatement technology,  He has been a colleague Paul Apps since development of the Thetford plant in 1995 and made the thermal process and combustion system design basis for the current Newark 45 MWth CHP project.

From 2000 to 2008 he was responsible for the preparation of the front end engineering design of Fibrowatt Apeldoorn 33MW and Minnesota 55MWe biomass power plants.  He was author of the project design basis for the project critical biomass handling, combustion, heat recovery, ash handling, and emissions control sections of these plants. The Minnesota plant is now in commercial operation. 

Between 1995 and 2000 he held senior design responsibility for the Thetford 38MWe biomass plant as well as project control of Thetford power station through the design, construct, commission, performance testing and early operation phases. This work continued with the owner to 2006, advising on all design related operational matters.

He has held engineering and management positions both in UK and overseas, including those of Technical Manager for the Drax Power Station Completion Phase, Construction Manager at the Thorp Reprocessing facility, BNFL Sellafield and Site Project Manager at BP Grangemouth KG Ethylene.  Experience abroad includes supervision of power station refurbishment in Sudan, sugar mill plant installation in Pakistan, management of high pressure pipework installation at Hwange Power Station Zimbabwe and boiler assessment and design review in a number of countries in South America, Africa and Europe

His experience with Babcock in power plant engineering and thermal process design was followed in 1995 by a new assignment with Foster Wheeler Energy UK as Employer’s Representative and Project Engineering Manager on behalf of the developer of the Thetford Biomass Power Station Project, Fibrowatt Ltd.

Following completion of the Thetford project he focussed on development of projects in the Netherlands and Minnesota USA.  From February 2006 to 2007 he worked independently whilst continuing his design advisory work with both the UK and US projects with HRE Services Ltd, the UK service provider to Fibrowatt USA.  His roles with HRE Services included the provision of technical support to operating biomass plants including fuel handling from receipt through to the combustion zone, combustion conditions and control, failure mode analysis, plant performance including steam cycle and combustion modelling, reliability and availability assessment, assessment of proposals and engineering of plant modifications through all stages of project execution and operation.